By Abu Samuel
We all experience a state of mind where we just don’t know what to do. Although we have various options to the problem, yet our difficulty remains in the ability to choose. We could also refer to it as a state of confusion or bewilderment, as a result of the discord in choice; now that’s when it’s called “embroilment”. On a formal note, embroilment is an action to bring into discord or to throw into confusion i.e. complicate. In simple words, it is a controversy that leads to confusion. However based on this article, the controversy is mostly akin to decision making, where available options outweighs the problem, thereby leading to a conflict of choice. That’s why choice could be a problem, because too little or too much gives one doubt. Not on the basis of possible outcome, but rather, on the ability to decipher effectiveness.
Venturing into the field of world politics, it’s no doubt that the element of controversy, confusion or perhaps embroilment, has crept narrowly through the holes of distrust and doubt into the field of world politics. At the center of the world’s controversial issues not only lies the global catastrophe and phenomenon of refuge crisis, war, plagues etc., and the victims involved, but also a player that has managed to stealthily lurk around the bush of complacency, cultivated by western leaders. Over the past years, Russia’s political reverence seems to have been gulped down into the western domination. Yet, little had the world known that Russia’s approach to the recent global issues had been prepended.
RUSSIA and UKRAINE
History has it that the Russian Federation and about 16 other countries had converged to form one of the world’s most powerful republics, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). The USSR was a very dominant force in the world’s politics; right from its inception in 1917.Also the Russian Federation acted as its spearhead member, has it addressed world issues and boasted of its military strength in the face of western nations like Britain, U.S.A., and France. However, the USSR was laid to rest on the ground of obliteration, as it was dissolved in 1987. Thus, nations including Russia and Ukraine became autonomous.
On February 26, 2014, the world was shocked by the emergence of another political strife, as the then prime minister of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, subsequently alarmed the United Nations (U.N) on Russia’s aggressive breach on its geographical sovereignty. The Russian Federation advanced their military campaign into Ukraine, and despite the U.N’s call to Russia’s actions considered aberrant. Defiantly, Russia continued its campaign on Ukrainian soil, under the leadership of Vladimir Putin, the Russian Prime Minister (PM). Besides the Russian army had been able to annex Crimea from Ukraine, and has established a base for anti-Ukrainian government rebels, and consequently established a joint force with these rebels against the Ukrainian government. Although Russia’s actions attracted consequences of economic sanctions by the European Union (EU), it didn’t back down on those actions, rather it intensified its military campaign with the notion that “the end justifies the means”.
RUSSIA and SYRIA
The Arab spring was a well-known phenomenon with a wide area of effect, as it travelled like flu from one Arab nation to another. It was a revolutionary occurrence aimed at the dominant political power wielders in some Arab states (Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Libya, and Syria). Well, as expected all the leaders in these states were forced out of power, leading to the dissipation of the crisis, except from one state.
In March 2011, a republic in south west Asia, at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, over a geographical space of about (187,478 sq.km), experienced the Arab spring like some other Arabian states. The republic of Syria was faced with anti-government opposition. Unlike other states, the revolution in Syria was most complicated and elongated consequently leading to a war. The President of Syria, Bash Al-Assad had refused to abjure his position as the leader, and continued to intensify military assault on the rebels and citizens. No wonder Barack Obama, the president of the United State of America, referred to Al-Assad as a ‘tyrant’ who kills children.
The Syrian crisis has been the root cause of global issues like the Refugee Crisis, and the emergence of a radical Islamic group known as ISIS. The further exasperation of this crisis can be blamed on the U.N’s failure to promptly react, not on the basis of hostility from the General Assembly (GA), but on the unprecedented actions of Russia and China. The Syrian war has been an ongoing occurrence for about 4 years, 8 months, and right from its inception till now, the U.N has embarked on three (3) different council resolutions for Syria, but all to no avail as both Russia and China vetoed all three (3) resolutions. Besides these two countries share international relations with Syria, especially in the trade of military weapon. The question remains why?
As at two months ago, August 2015, Russia which had vetoed 3 U.N resolutions over Syria, embarked on a military campaign into Syria. Surprisingly, the Russian campaign went in, to act as an aid against ISIS. First, the Russian Federation established alliance with Syria, one whom the U.S president referred to as a ‘tyrant’. Secondly, I believe Russia has been able to aptly display its political prowess by incapacitating the U.N resolution and going head-on independently to help Syria fight ISIS. Also, on getting to Syria, the Russian military campaign aimed its attack not only on ISIS but also the American trained anti-Syrian rebels. The question remains if Russia is trying to let the Western World know its military capacities and political domination? And this is evident as the Russian Federation has been able to successfully establish diplomatic relations in the Middle East than any other western states. It has also been able to put itself in a position of accolade with the Arabs, as they now consider Russia as the “Syrian Savior”, an accolade the Russian Federation would always receive irrespective of any western leader alleviation to this crisis. Russia has been able to outplay these western states, by stamping its foremost authority in Syria. Why won’t the Middle East revere it?
RUSSIA and the U.N
The U.N had its 70th General Assembly (GA) session, and a general debate from 28 September- 3 October, 2015. World leaders were present to address global and national issues. Russia had its take on the various issues, as it tries to exonerate itself from the controversy in Ukraine, and its stand on the Syrian war, denying every allegation posed against it by the U.S Department of Defense. Let’s consider Vladimir Putin’s statement in response to Russia’s military advancement, and this is a paraphrase by him “it’s quite ironic that the U.S can spot water on Mars, but can’t find ISIS envoy in Syria”. The Russian military campaign has been able to successfully strike 55 ISIS positions through various air strikes and it’s been able to launch 29missiles from the Caspian Sea over a distance of 900miles into syria. Also the success of Russia has been praised by the Syrian defense ministry claiming one week of Russia’s intervention has been able to destroy 40% of ISIS property. On the other hand, a Russian neighbor addressed the U.N on Russia’s malignant military campaign as a breach on its sovereignty. The Republic of Ukraine ably represented by the Prime Minister, Tymoshenko, Yulia Volodymyrivna, accused Russia of military incursion and violation sovereign boundaries. The Ukrainian PM then stated, in paraphrase “How will Russia start a war with its neighboring country, then go all the way to the Middle East to resolve a crisis. Meanwhile the one it has incurred, hasn’t been settled?”
Also, recently, at the “PENTAGON”, the U.S Department of Defense clamored over Russia’s aggressive military campaign against American trained Syrian rebels stating “Russia has said one thing and done the other”. Yet, few days ago, Russian fighter jets violated the Turkish airspace and Turkey being a member of NATO declared that “it’s unacceptable, it’s dangerous and reckless”. In response to that, NATO’s Secretary General, Jen Stoltenberg made it clear stating that “We have our capabilities to protect our allies, but we’ll still convey our message to Russia, not to allow a re-occurrence of violation”.
In a nutshell, one can see that Russia has been able to play the world politics proficiently alongside western leaders like the U.S, Britain, France, etc. The Federation has also been able to flex its political power against western states like Ukraine and Turkey, and has also been able to maintain a rigid stand in the U.N. We all know that these world powers manipulate global decisions based on their political intents and economic gain, and recently we have seen Russia played this game in a very smart way. Should I stand for one nation over the other? Of course not. However I’m most concerned with how these crises are dealt with, and besides, it’s evident that Russia and the western Leaders have nothing much in common. So, as the West continues to dominate the world scene via sanctions and all, Russia would continue to show its domination through external insurrection as seen in the Ukraine and Turkey. And its position in the U.N is one the Western world might not be able to renege, but would have to adapt to its controversy, the Russian controversy or should I say the Embroilment?